Introduction : Biotechnology is "any technique that uses living organisms or substances from those organisms, to make or modify a product, to improve plants or animals, or to develop microorganisms for specific purposes" (Office of Technology Assessment, United States Congress).
In it's present form, the term "biotechnology" refers to the use of living organisms or their products to modify human health and the human environment.
The term "biotechnology" was coined in year 1919 by Karl Ereky, an Hungarian engineer. Biotechnology has been described as "Janus faced". This implies that there are two sides. On one, techniques that allow DNA to be manipulated, i.e. to move genes from one organism to another. On the other hand, it involves relatively new technologies whose consequences are untested and should be met with caution. for e.g. stem cells, gene therapy, genetically modified organisms.
Future in Biotechnology :
IET Biotech Institute is dedicated to overall development of students who are studying in the Institute. Students are motivated to face the challenge of life, for this institute is bound to work step-by-step with them. As per Govt. of India Notification there will be 1 million dollar investment in this field by 2010 and there will be more than 25,000 new job opportunities in this field per year.
Careers in Biotechnology :
are varied and rewarding. The following is a partial list of mid-level positions for careers in Biotech that is relevant to students in the Master of Biomedical Technology program. Once engaged in the biotech industry career opportunities in related or more-distant areas open up.
- Research & Development
- Manufacturing & Production
- Quality Control
- Clinical Research
- Regulatory Affairs